Hop Variety Chart and Hop Substitutions

This hop chart will help you find the right variety of hops for your beer. Maybe you're looking for a hop variety that falls in a certain Alpha Acid percentage, or maybe you're looking for a hop substitute due to a shortage, whatever the reason, the following hop chart will help you find what you're looking for.

Hop Name
Hop Alpha Acid %
Common Beer Styles Possible Hop Substitutions Hop Characteristics
Admiral (U.K.)
13.5% to 16%
Ale U.K. Target, U.K. Northdown, U.K. Challenger Known for its bittering potential.
4% to 6.3%
- - Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.
8% to 9%
Ale, IPA Cascade, Centennial Citrusy, flowery.
14% to 16%
India Pale Ale Citra, Galaxy, Mosaic Aromas of tropical fruits and citrus. Tasting notes of spicy mango, pineapple, tangerine and pine.
Bramling Cross (U.K.)
5% to 7%
ESB, bitter, pale ale U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress, Whitbread Golding Variety Quite mild, fruity currant aroma.
Brewer's Gold
7% to 8.5%
English ale Bullion Bittering hop with neutral aroma character.
Brewer's Gold (German)
6% to 7%
Ale, heavier German-style lagers Northdown, Northern Brewer, Galena, Bullion Black currant, fruity, spicy.
6.5% to 9%
IPA, ESB, stout Columbus, Northern Brewer, German Brewer's Gold A rich hop primarily used for bittering. Intense blackcurrant aroma.
4.5% to 7%
Pale ale, IPA, porter, barleywine Centennial, Amarillo, possibly Columbus Pleasant, flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.
8% to 11.5%
All ale styles, has been used with wheat beer Cascade, possibly Columbus Medium with floral and citrus tones.
Challenger (U.K.)
6.5% to 8.5%
English-style ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitter U.S. or German Perle, Northern Brewer Mild to moderate, quite spicy.
10% to 14%
Pale ale, IPA, stout, porter, lager Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer, U.K. Target Mild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.
11 to 14%
American Pale Ale, American IPA, Double IPA, Amber Ale Simcoe, Mosaic Delicate fruity characteristics and strong citrus aromas and flavors of lime, grapefruit, bright orange, mango, lychee, and gooseberry.
5.5% to 8.5%
Ale and lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager) Galena Medium and quite spicy.
11% to 16%
IPA, pale ale, stout Nugget, Chinook, U.K. Target, Northern Brewer Pleasant, with pungent aroma.
2% to 4.5%
Wheat, India Pale Ale Galena, Simcoe® Mild and pleasant, spicy and flowery.
El Dorado®
13% to 17%
Lager, pilsner, ESB Mt. Hood, Hersbrucker, French Strisslespalt, Liberty, Hallertauer Flavors of tropical fruit, pineapple, mango. Aromas of pear, watermelon, stone fruit and candy.
9% to 12%
Wheat Galena, Nugget, Chinook Strong but pleasant aroma.
First Gold (U.K.)
6.5% to 8.5%
Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding, maybe Crystal A little like Golding family; spicy.
Fuggle (U.S.)
4% to 5.5%
Any English-style beer or American ale U.K. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and pleasant, earthy and fruity.
Fuggle (U.K.)
4% to 5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding Mild, pleasant, hoppy, and robust.
10% to 14%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter Nugget, Pride of Ringwood, Chinook Medium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.
Golding (U.S.)
4% to 6%
Pale ale, ESB, all English-style beer U.K. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress, and possibly the Fuggle family Mild, extremely pleasant, and gently hoppy.
Hallertauer (U.S.)
3.5% to 5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Liberty, Ultra, Hallertauer Tradition Very mild, pleasant, and slightly flowery, some spicy.
Hallertauer Gold
6% to 6.5%
- Crystal, Mt. Hood Known for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
3% to 5.5%
Lager, bock, wheat, maybe pilsner Liberty, German Tradition, Ultra Mild and pleasant.
Hallertauer Tradition (Ger.)
3.5% to 5.5%
Mild-flavored beers Crystal, Liberty Known for its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Hallertau Hersbrucker (German)
3% to 5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Mt. Hood, French Strisslespalt Mild to semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.
11% to 14%
Ale, lager Magnum or a high-alpha hop Pleasantly hoppy.
Kent Golding (U.K.)
4% to 5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter U.S. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress Gentle, fragrant, and pleasant.
3% to 6%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Hallertauer Tradition, Hallertauer, Mt. Hood Mild and clean aroma, slightly spicy character.
13% to 15%
All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout Northern Brewer Known for bittering value and quality.
11.5% to 13.5%
India Pale Ale, Pale Ale Citra® Flavors of mango, pine, citrus and herbs and aromas of tropical and stone fruit.
Mt. Hood
3% to 8%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Crystal, French Strisslespalt, Hersbrucker Mild, pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.
Northdown (U.K.)
7.5% to 9.5%
All ales, porter - Fruity with some spiciness.
Northern Brewer (U.S.)
6% to 10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer Nugget, Chinook Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northern Brewer (German)
7% to 10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter Chinook, U.S. Northern Brewer Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northwest Golding
4% to 5%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter - Known for aromatic properties.
11% to 14.5%
Light lager Columbus, Chinook, U.K. Target, Galena Quite heavy and herbal.
11% to 13%
- Chinook Mild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.
Perle (U.S.)
6% to 9.5%
Pale ale, porter, German styles Northern Brewer, Cluster, Galena, Chinook Known for its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.
Perle (German)
6% to 8.5%
Pale ale, porter, lager U.S. Perle, Northern Brewer Moderately intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.
Phoenix (U.K.)
4.2% to 5.5%
All ales U.K. Northdown, U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Challenger Similar to U.K. Challenger.
Pioneer (U.K.)
8% to 10%
Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding A mild, typical English aroma.
Polish Lublin
3% to 4.5%
Pilsner U.S. Saaz, Czech Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and typical of noble aroma types, spicy, herbal.
Pride of Ringwood (Australia)
7% to 10%
Australian lager Galena, Cluster Quite pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.
Progress (U.K.)
5% to 7.5%
Ale, bitter, ESB, porter U.K. Kent Golding, Fuggle Moderately strong, good aroma.
Saaz (Czech)
3% to 4.5%
Pilsner U.S. Saaz, Polish Lublin Very mild with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.
Saaz (U.S.)
3% to 5%
Pilsner, lager, wheat Czech Saaz, Polish Lublin Mild and pleasant, earthy and spicy.
5% to 7.9%
Lager, American ale, pilsner German Tettnanger, German Spalt, German Spalt Select Noble characteristics.
12.5% to 14%
- Galena Known for its bittering and aromatic properties.
12% to 14%
- - A bittering and aromatic hop.
Spalt (German)
4% to 5.5%
Lager U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Select Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy.
Spalt Select (German)
4% to 6%
Lager, and any beer where noble aroma is wanted U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Very fine Spalter-type aroma.
Spalt Select (U.S.)
3% to 5%
German lagers Tettnanger, Saaz Medium intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild American tones.
6% to 9%
Lager, ale, pilsner Saaz, Polish Lublin Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.
11% to 12.5%
IPA, pale ale, NEIPA, dark ales None at the moment. Passionfruit, melon, strawberry, grapefruit, cannabis and dried chili peppers.
Strisslespalt (France)
3% to 5%
Pilsner, lager, wheat Mt. Hood, Crystal, Hersbrucker Medium intensity, pleasant, hoppy.
Styrian Golding (Slovenia)
4.5% to 6%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, U.K. Fuggle, Willamette Delicate, slightly spicy.
17.5% to 19.5%
IPAs, Imperial IPAs Simcoe Orange, tangerine, citrus notes.
Target (U.K.)
9.5% to 12.5%
All ale and lager Fuggle, Willamette Pleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.
Tettnanger (U.S.)
3.4% to 5.2%
German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat German Spalt, Czech Saaz Santiam An aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.
Tettnanger (German)
3.5% to 5.5%
Lager, ale German Spalt, German Spalt Select, U.S. Tettnanger, Saaz Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, herbal.
15% to 17%
Ale Columbus Primarily a bittering hop.
Tradition (German)
5% to 7%
Lager, pilsner Hersbrucker, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh Very fine and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
2% to 4.1%
Lager, pilsner, wheat, finish hop in ales Liberty, Hallertauer Tradition, Saaz Very good to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
4% to 5.67%
- Saaz, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh Aroma similar to continental European types.
15% to 17%
Ale, stout Nugget A bittering and aromatic hop.
WGV (Whitbread Golding Variety) (U.K.)
5% to 7%
Ale U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress Quite pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense.
3.5% to 6%
Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Styrian Golding Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.
Yakima Cluster
6% to 8.5%
- - Used as a kettle hop for bittering.
13% to 17%
- Columbus Aromatic and pleasant.