Ahtanum is an aroma/flavoring hop variety that is similar to Cascade or Amarillo. It has a citrus and floral character much like cascade with the addition of some piney or earth notes. Grapefruit quality is more forward in than in cascade as well. Alpha acids are lower than cascade at 4 to 6.5% AAU making Ahtanum a good choice for a flavor addition when you do not want to impart quite the bitterness of cascade or amarillo.


Main article: Amarillo hops Popular American mid-range alpha variety developed by Virgil Gamache Farms in late 20th century. Also known as VGX001, its strain number.


Characterized by its exceptional high percentage of alpha acids, excellent storage stability of alpha acids, low CoH value for an alpha variety, and resistance to hop powdery mildew strains found in Washington. The new variety was cultivated as a result of a cross in 2000 at Golden Gate Roza Hop Ranches in Prosser, Washington, and has been asexually reproduced there. 20 – 21%


Main article: Cascade hops Very successful and well-established American aroma hop developed by Oregon State University's breeding program in 1956 from Fuggle and Serebrianker (a Russian variety), but not released for cultivation until 1972. Gives the distinct citrus/grapefruit aroma to Sierra Nevada Pale Ale. One of the "Three Cs" along with Centennial and Columbus. Named for the Cascade Range. Substitutes: Centennial and Columbus (but they have much more AA). 4.5 – 6%


American aroma-type variety bred in 1974 and released in 1990. Similar to Cascade and Chinook. One of the "Three Cs" along with Cascade and Columbus. 9.5 - 11.5%


American cross between Petham Golding and a USDA-selected male. Slightly spicy and very piney. Substitutes: Bittering - Eroica, Galena, Nugget. Aroma/Flavor - Southern Cross, Sticklebract. 12 - 14%


This newer American variety is a cross of Hallertauer Mittelfruh, U.S. Tettnanger, East Kent Golding, Bavarian, Brewers Gold and other unknown hops. It has a heavy citrus aroma and flavor, hints of tropical fruits. Still very new, it is gaining favor as an all purpose hop. 10 - 12%


Originated from mass selection of the Cluster hop, which is an old American cultivar. It is suggested that they arose from hybridization of varieties, imported by Dutch and English settlers and indigenous male hops. Also known as Golden Cluster, used as the sole bittering hop in the iconic Queensland, Australia beer XXXX Gold and XXXX Bitter. Can give a black currant aroma/flavor. Substitutes: Brewer's Gold. 5.5 – 8.5%


A high yielding, high alpha acid American bittering hop. Also known by the trade name Tomahawk. One of the "Three Cs" along with Cascade and Centennial. Like the others it is citrusy and slightly woody. Substitutes: Bittering - Nugget, Chinook. Aroma/flavor - Cascade, Centennial. 14 - 18%


An American triploid variety developed in 1993 from Hallertau, Cascade, Brewer's Gold and Early Green. It is spicier than Hallertau (cinnamon, black pepper, and nutmeg). Substitutes: any Hallertau variety, Mt. Hood, Liberty. 3.5 - 5.5%


A strongly flavored bittering hop used in wheat beers. Substitutes: Galena, Nugget, Olympic. 9 - 12%


American bittering hop developed from Brewer's Gold by open pollination in the state of Idaho. 12 - 14%


Low-cohumulone American Fuggle descendant. Substitutes: Eroica, Nugget, Olympic. 5.5%


American Hop found in southern Idaho. 5.2%


American high alpha cross made in Oregon in 1970. Horizon and Nugget share a common parent (#65009). 11 - 13%


American cross between Hallertauer Mittlefrüh and downy mildew resistant male, developed in 1983. Spicy (cinnamon), resiny, and slightly sweet. Recommended for German/American lagers. Substitutes: Mt. Hood, Hallertau, Crystal. 3 - 5%


Bittering variety, bred from Nugget and with similar characteristics. 15.5%

Mount Hood

Soft American variety developed from Hallertau. Frequently used in styles that require only a subtle hop aroma (German/American lagers). Named for Mount Hood in Oregon. Substitutes: Liberty, Hallertau, Crystal. 5 - 8%

Mount Rainier

Originally cultivated in Oregon. Mt. Rainier has a complex parentage, including Hallertau, Galena, Fuggles and other hops, and exhibits some noble hop characteristics, but is higher in alpha acid. The aroma is reminiscent of licorice with a hint of citrus. 6%


Recently developed American high-alpha bittering hop. 10 - 17%


Floral, resiny aroma and flavor. Primarily a bittering hop. Substitutes: Galena, Olympic. 12 - 14%


Fairly recent American cross of Tettnager and open pollination resulting in a moderate alpha hop. 6 - 10%


American floral aroma hop with mid-range alpha acid. Pedigree includes Tettnang (mother), Hallertau Mittelfrüh (grandmother) and Cascade (great grandmother). Named for the Santiam River in Oregon. 5 - 7%


American high alpha variety released in 2000. Used for both bittering and imparting a distinct aroma/flavour as a late addition. 12 - 14%


American floral hop released in 1998. A cross between Saaz and Mount Hood in character but easier to grow. 6 - 9%


Very high alpha acid hop. Useful for barleywines, stouts and IPAs. 17 - 19%


Trade name for Columbus. 14 - 18%


A triploid aroma-type cultivar, originated in 1983 from a cross between the colchicine-induced tetraploid Hallertau mf (USDA 21397) and the diploid Saazer-derived male genotype (USDA 21237m). Ultra is the half-sister to Mount Hood, Liberty and Crystal. Its genetic composition is 4/6 Hallertau mf, 1/6 Saazer, and 1/6 unknown. This cultivar was released for commercial production in March, 1995. It has a peppery, spicy aroma similar to Saaz. Substitutes: Crystal, Saaz, Tettnanger. 4.5 - 5%


American aroma cross developed from Hallertau in 1982. 5.5 - 6%


New American bittering hop, popular with growers and brewers. 15 - 17%


Popular American development in 1976 of the English Fuggle. Named for the Willamette Valley, an important hop-growing area. It has a character similar to Fuggle, but is more fruity and has some floral notes. Used in British and American ales. Substitutes: Fuggles. 4 - 6%


American aromatic high-alpha hop. Similar, if not identical, to Columbus/Tomahawk. 15%



An English bittering hop used in some English ales. Substitutes: Target, Northdown, Challenger. 13.5 – 16%

Brewer's Gold

British bittering hop developed in 1919. Both Brewer's Gold and Bullion are seedlings of BB1 (found wild in Manitoba). Many modern high alpha hops were developed from Brewer's Gold. Has a resiny, spicy aroma/flavor with hints of black currant. Substitutions: Northdown. 7.1 – 11.3%


Bittering hop. One of the earliest high alpha hops in the world. Raised in 1919 in England from a wild Manitoban female crossed with an English male hop. Mainly bittering Stouts and Dark ales. This hop has a resiny/earthy aroma/flavor and can be a bit rough. Substitutions: Northern Brewer and Galena. 6.5 - 9%


English hop. Introduced in 1972. Very popular dual-purpose hop in English ales. Substitutes: East Kent Goldings, Phoenix, Styrian Goldings, British Columbian Goldings. 6.5 – 8.5%

First Gold

English dwarf hop. A cross-pollination of Whitbread Golding variety and a dwarf male. Substitutes: A mix of East Kent Goldings and Crystal (for the cinnamon). 6.5 - 8.5%


Main English hop developed late 19th century. More earthy and less sweet than Kent Goldings. Substitutes: Willamette. 4 - 5.5%


The traditional and very popular English aroma hop. Developed prior to 1790. Widely cultivated. Called East Kent Goldings if grown in East Kent, Kent Goldings if grown in mid-Kent, and Goldings if grown elsewhere. Tend to have a smooth, sweet flavor. Any type of Goldings will work in place of another (Styrian Goldings for East Kent Goldings, e.g.) 4 - 5.5%


An English aroma and bittering hop; sister of Pioneer. Substitutes: Pioneer. 11 - 13%


Dual purpose hop in England developed in 1970s. Relative of Challenger and Target. Very resiny. Substitutes: Phoenix or blend of Goldings and Brewers Gold. 7.5 - 9.5%

Northern Brewer

Developed in England in 1934 from a cross between a Canterbury Golding female plant and the male plant OB21.[1][2] Grown in Europe and America as a dual-purpose hop, but mainly used for bittering in combination with other hops. Woody/earthy/fruity aroma and flavor. Substitutes: Hallertau, Pride of Ringwood, Bullion. 8 - 10%[2]


Dual-purpose English hop, mild aroma and slightly spicy flavor.[3] Substitutes: Challenger. 9 - 13%.


Previously known as S24 (nicknamed Ros) this UK hedgerow variety was officially named as 'Pilot' in May 2002 by Charles Faram & Co Ltd. The variety is Wilt resistant, has good aroma and alpha properties and yields well. 9 - 12%


English hop; a sister of Herald. Substitutes: East Kent Goldings, Herald. 8 - 10%


Higher alpha English hop developed in the 1960s as a replacement for Fuggles. Often used with Goldings. 5 - 7%


English mid-to-high alpha hop bred from Kent Goldings. Substitutes: Fuggle, Willamette. 9.5 - 12.5%



Hallertauer Mittelfrüh. The original German lager hop; named after Hallertau or Holledau region in central Bavaria. Due to susceptibility to crop disease, it was largely replaced by Hersbrucker in the 1970s and 1980s. Substitutes: Mt. Hood, Liberty. 3.5 - 5.5%


Noble hop used in German pale lagers. Substitutes: Hallertau, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Spalt. 3 - 5.5%


Main article: Saaz hops Named after the czech city of Saaz (now Žatec, in the Czech Republic). Noble hop used extensively in Bohemia to flavor pale Czech lagers such as Pilsner Urquell. Cinnamon-spicy, earthy. Substitutes: Tettnanger, Ultra, Crystal. 3 - 4.5%


Come from Tettnang, a small town in southern Baden-Württemberg in Germany. The region produces significant quantities of hops, and ships them to breweries throughout the world. Noble German dual use hop used in European pale lagers and wheat beers, sometimes with Hallertau. Substitutes: Saaz, Crystal. 3.5 - 5.5%

Australian / New Zealand

Feux-Coeur Francais

Feux-Coeur Hops Feux-Coeur Hops/Yank Pics A rare Australian hop variety that has its genetic roots in the Burgundy region of France. It has been specially adapted to grow in the cool climate of Victoria (Australia). It was first harvested in 2010 and is ideal for use in a Randall device as invented by Dogfish Head Brewery. The alpha values on this young variety come in between 12 and 16.


Australian high alpha dual purpose triploid cultivar with a marked and unique hop aroma, described as a combination of citrus and passionfruit. Bred in 1994 by Hop Products Australia by crossing a female tetraploid (J78) with a male derived from Perle.[4] 14.9% Alpha.

Nelson Sauvin

A new variety developed in Nelson, New Zealand. Named with more than a nod towards the Sauvignon Blanc grape. Intensely fruity flavour and aroma with a strong suggestion of passionfruit. Effective for bittering, flavour and aroma. Good when used either solely or in combination with complementary fruity hops such as Cascade in American Pale Ales. 12 - 14%

Pacific Gem

High alpha bittering hop from New Zealand. Most are organic. Woody and fruity (strawberry). Substitutes: Fuggle (maybe). 14 - 16%

Pacific Jade

High alpha bittering hop with a soft bitterness. Aroma is described as fresh citrus and black pepper. New Zealand12-14%


Previously known as the Pacific Hallertau, this hop has a soft, yet solid bittering quality. It's aroma is described as orange marmalade citrus and some floral. New Zealand 5-6%

Pride of Ringwood

Infamous Australian hop due to its universal presence in Australian macro lagers. First used in 1965 when it was the highest alpha acid hop in the world. Used extensively in Australian pale ales and lagers. Intensely woody, earthy and herbal. Can be rough. Not particularly suitable for aroma but effective as a bittering hop. Substitutes: Pacific Gem, Cluster, Northern Brewer. 7 - 10%


An aroma hop that has grapefruit notes. New Zealand 4.5-6.5%



Polish grown Saaz, used in Polish lagers. Slightly woody and spicy. Substitutes: Czech Saaz. 3 - 5%


A bittering/aroma type cultivar, bred in 1980 at Hüll, the German Hop Research Instititute from the American variety Galena and the German male 75/5/3. 10.0 - 12.6%


German dual-purpose hop. Often used in combination with other hops.Spicy and slightly floral/fruity. Substitutes: Hallertau, Mt. Hood, Liberty. 7 - 9.5%

Polnischer Lublin

Polish; Finishing hop. Another source of the classical noble-aroma type hop with long and strong traditions. Widely believed to be a clone of Saaz. Aroma is mild and typical of noble aroma types. Subvarieties: Czech Saaz, Tettnang. 3 - 4.5%


A new breed of hop that is starting to replace the Hallertauer Mittlefrüh variety, which has become more and more susceptible to disease and pests. Shares many of the Hallertaur Mittlefrüh characteristics and is very well suited as an aroma hop. 2 - 4.5%


A bittering-type cultivar of recent origin. 12.5 - 14%


German disease-resistant Hallertauer and Spalt pale lager variety developed in early 1990s. 4 - 6%


Traditional German noble hop from the Spalter region south of Nuremberg. Woody. Substitutes: Hallertau varieties. 4 - 5%


French aroma hop from Alsace, used mostly in pale lagers. Has a floral and lemony aroma/flavor. Similar to Hersbrucker. Substitutes: Hallertau, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Hersbrucker, Southern Cross. 3 - 5%

Styrian Goldings

Slovenian variant of Fuggles, but are similar to East Kent Goldings. Used in English ales and Belgian strong ales amongst others. Substitutes: East Kent Goldings. 4.5 - 6%

Tardif de Bourgogne

French hop, used as an aromatic in continental lagers. 3.1 - 5.5%


Bred in 1991 from Hallertau Mittlefrüh by the Hüll Hop Research Institute in Germany for resistance to disease. Grassy like Hallertau, but easier to grow. 5 - 7%